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Azorella compacta is a cushion-forming, perennial woody herb growing from a taproot. It forms a light green, hard, dense cushion of growth up to cm tall and . Yareta or llareta (Azorella compacta, also known as “Llareta” in Spanish, and historically as Azorella yareta) is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae native to . A yellowish-green, compact (rather like a cauliflower), resinous cushion shrub, the llareta, Azorella compacta (Embelliferae) occurs in the high Andes of southern.

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Azorella compacta – Useful Temperate Plants

These rocks on the highlands of the Andes looks like they are covered with moss. Actually, they are a type of flowing plant known as Yareta and it lives in colonies which can be thousands of years old. Yareta Azorella compactaalso known as “Llareta” in Spanish, is a flowering plant that belongs to the family Apiaceae.


It grows in the cold Puna grasslands of the Andes in Peru, Bolivia, northern Chile, and western Argentina at altitudes between 3, and 4, meters, where the wind blows unceasingly and the cold cracks even granite. To survive the extreme conditions, Yareta grows in packs so dense that its stems cojpacta take the weight of a human.

The plant keeps close to the compcata in order to retain as much heat in as possible. This also helps to resist the powerful high altitude wind, which would tear up the roots of any plant. To prevents moisture loss through evaporation the Yareta has wax covered leaves.

Azorella compacta – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre

Another trick the Yareta has learned to survive the inhospitable mountains of the Andes is to grow extremely slowly, almost at a geological pace of 1. A large blob of Yareta growing on the rocks can thus be thousands of years old. Many Yaretas are estimated to fompacta over 3, years old.


Because the Yareta is dry and dense, it burns well, like peat, and was traditionally harvested for fuel. The amount of yareta being removed had become so significant that it threatened the very existence of the plant. Yareta is now a protected species and being such a slow grower, it has also made it to the endangered list.

Yareta, The 3, Years Old Plant. Subscribe to our daily newsletter Get gentle updates in your inbox whenever new articles are published. Thank you for subscribing.

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